Kings and Queens of England (1483 - 1910)

King Henry VIII (reigned 1509 – 1547) (T106)

King Henry VIII (T106)
Artist: after Hans Holbein the Younger
Dated: 1536
Period: Tudor

Ref: T106

 

The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives! Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: “Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived”. His first wife was Catherine of Aragon, his brothers widow, whom he later divorced to marry Anne Boleyn. This divorce caused the split from Rome and Henry declared himself the head of the Church Of England. The Dissolution of the Monasteries began in 1536, and the money gained from this helped Henry to bring about an effective Navy. In an effort to have a son, Henry married four further wives, but only one son was born, to Jane Seymour. Henry had two daughters both to become rulers of England – Mary, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, and Elizabeth, daughter of Anne Boleyn.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting

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King Edward VI (reigned 1547 – 1553) (T111)

King Edward VI (T111)
Artist: after Guillim Scrots (Guillim Stretes or William Scrots)
Dated: c1546
Period: Tudor

Ref: T111

 

The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward was a sickly boy; it is thought he suffered from tuberculosis. Edward succeeded his father at the age of 9, the government being carried on by a Council of Regency with his uncle, Duke of Somerset, styled Protector. Even though his reign was short, many men made their mark. Cranmer wrote the Book of Common Prayer and the uniformity of worship helped turn England into a Protestant State. After Edward’s death there was a dispute over the succession. As Mary was Catholic, Lady Jane Grey was named as the next in line to the throne. She was proclaimed Queen but Mary entered London with her supporters and Jane was taken to the Tower. She reigned for only 9 days. She was executed in 1554, aged 17.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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King Richard III (reigned 1483 – 1485) (EL101)

King Richard III (EL101)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: : late 16th century
Period: Elizabethan

Ref: EL101

 

Brother of Edward IV. The ruthless extinction of all those who opposed him and the alleged murders of his nephews made his rule very unpopular. In 1485 Henry Richmond, descendant of John of Gaunt, father of Henry IV, landed in west Wales, gathering forces as he marched into England. At the Battle of Bosworth Field in Leicestershire he defeated and killed Richard in what was to be the last important battle in the Wars of the Roses. Archaeological investigations at a car park in Leicester during 2012 revealed a skeleton which was thought to have been that of Richard III, and this was confirmed on the 4th February 2013. His body was re-interred at Leicester Cathedral on 22nd March 2015.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Lady Jane Grey – The Nine Day Queen (reigned 1553) (EL105)

Lady Jane Grey (EL105)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: c1590-1600
Period: Elizabethan

Ref: EL105

 

Tragic Lady Jane Grey is remembered in British history as the monarch with the shortest reign… just nine days. Lady Jane Grey was the eldest daughter of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk and she was the great-grand-daughter of Henry VII. She was proclaimed Queen after the death of her cousin, the protestant King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII. She was actually fifth in line to the throne, but was his personal choice as she was a Protestant. Lady Jane was beautiful and intelligent. She studied Latin, Greek and Hebrew and was fluent in French and Italian. However the country rose in favour of the direct and true royal line, and the Council proclaimed Mary queen some nine days later. Unfortunately for Lady Jane, her advisors were grossly incompetent, and her father was partly responsible for her untimely execution as he was involved in an attempted rebellion.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Queen Anne (reigned 1702 – 1714) (S101)

Queen Anne (S101)
Artist: Michael Dahl
Dated: 1705
Period: Stuart

Ref: S101

 

Anne was the second daughter of James II. She had 17 pregnancies but only one child survived – William, who died of smallpox aged just 11. A staunch, high church Protestant, Anne was 37 years old when she succeeded to the throne. Anne was a close friend of Sarah Churchill, the Duchess of Marlborough. Sarah’s husband the Duke of Marlborough commanded the English Army in the War of Spanish Succession, winning a series of major battles with the French and gaining the country an influence never before attained in Europe. It was during Anne’s reign that the United Kingdom of Great Britain was created by the Union of England and Scotland.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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King George III (reigned 1760 – 1820) (G106)

King George III (G106)
Artist: studio of Allan Ramsay
Dated: 1761-62
Period: Georgian

Ref: G106

 

He was a grandson of George II and the first English-born and English-speaking monarch since Queen Anne. His reign was one of elegance and the age of some of the greatest names in English literature – Jane Austen, Byron, Shelley, Keats and Wordsworth. It was also the time of great statesmen like Pitt and Fox and great captains like Wellington and Nelson. in 1773 the ‘Boston Tea Party’ was the first sign of the troubles that were to come in America. The American Colonies proclaimed their independence on July 4th 1776. George was well meaning but suffered from a mental illness due to intermittent porphyria and eventually became blind and insane. His son ruled as Prince Regent after 1811 until George’s death.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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King William IV (reigned 1830 – 1837) (G107)

King William IV (G107)
Artist: Sir Martin Archer Shee
Dated: c1800
Period: Georgian

Ref: G107

 

Known as the ‘Sailor King’ (for 10 years the young Prince William, brother of George IV, served in the Royal Navy), he was the third son of George III. Before his accession he lived with a Mrs. Jordan, an actress, by whom he had ten children. When Princess Charlotte died, he had to marry in order to secure the succession. He married Adelaide of Saxe-Coburg in 1818. He had two daughters but they did not live. He hated pomp and wanted to dispense with the Coronation. The people loved him because of his lack of pretension. During his reign Britain abolished slavery in the colonies in 1833. The Reform Act was passed in 1832, this extended the franchise to the middle-classes on a basis of property qualifications.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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King George IV (reigned 1820 – 1830) (R101)

King George IV (R101)
Artist: after Sir Thomas Lawrence
Dated: 1815
Period: Regency

Ref: R101

 

Known as the ‘First Gentleman of Europe’. He had a love of art and architecture but his private life was a mess, to put it mildly! He married twice, once in 1785 to Mrs. Fitzherbert, secretly as she was a Catholic, and then in 1795 to Caroline of Brunswick. Mrs. Fitzherbert remained the love of his life. Caroline and George had one daughter, Charlotte in 1796 but she died in 1817. George was considered a great wit, but was also a buffoon and his death was hailed with relief!

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Oliver Cromwell (Lord Protector 1653 – 1658) (S105)

Oliver Cromwell (S105)
Artist: Robert Walker
Dated: c1649
Period: Stuart

Ref: S105

 

Cromwell was born at Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire in 1599, the son of a small landowner. He entered Parliament in 1629 and became active in events leading to the Civil War. A leading Puritan figure, he raised cavalry forces and organised the New Model Army, which he led to victory over the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. Failing to gain agreement on constitutional change in government with Charles I, Cromwell was a member of a ‘Special Commission’ that tried and condemned the king to death in 1649. Cromwell declared Britain a republic ‘The Commonwealth’ and he went on to become its Lord Protector. Cromwell went on to crush the Irish clans and the Scots loyal to Charles II between 1649 and 1651. In 1653 he finally expelled the corrupt English parliament and with the agreement of army leaders became Lord Protector (King in all but name)

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Henry VII (reigned 1485 – 1509) (T115)

Henry VII (reigned 1485 – 1509) (T115)
Artist: Unknown Netherlandish artist
Dated: 1505
Period: Tudor

Ref: T115

 

When Richard III fell at the Battle of Bosworth, his crown was picked up and placed on the head of Henry Tudor. He married Elizabeth of York and so united the two warring houses, York and Lancaster. He was a skillful politician but avaricious. The material wealth of the country increased greatly. During Henry’s reign playing cards were invented and the portrait of his wife Elizabeth has appeared eight times on every pack of cards for nearly 500 years.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Mary I – Bloody Mary (reigned 1553 – 1558) (T116)

Mary I – Bloody Mary (reigned 1553 – 1558) (T116)
Artist: Antonis Mor
Dated: 1554
Period: Tudor

Ref: T116

 

Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. A devout Catholic, she married Philip of Spain. Mary attempted to enforce the wholesale conversion of England to Catholicism. She carried this out with the utmost severity. The Protestant bishops, Latimer, Ridley and Archbishop Cranmer were among those burnt at the stake. The place, in Broad Street Oxford, is marked by a bronze cross. The country was plunged into a bitter blood bath, which is why she is remembered as Bloody Mary. She died in 1558 at Lambeth Palace in London.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) (EL111)

Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) (EL111)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: 1585-1590
Period: Elizabethan

Ref: EL111

 

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth was a remarkable woman, noted for her learning and wisdom. From first to last she was popular with the people and had a genius for the selection of capable advisors. Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins, the Cecils, Essex and many many more made England respected and feared. The Spanish Armada was decisively defeated in 1588 and Raleigh’s first Virginian colony was founded. The execution of Mary Queen of Scots marred what was a glorious time in English history. Shakespeare was also at the height of his popularity. Elizabeth never married.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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James I and VI of Scotland (reigned 1603 -1625) (S107)

James I and VI of Scotland (reigned 1603 -1625) (S107)
Artist: Daniel Mytens
Dated: 1621
Period: Stuart

Ref: S107

 

James was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley. He was the first king to rule over Scotland and England. James was more of a scholar than a man of action. In 1605 the Gunpowder Plot was hatched: Guy Fawkes and his Catholic friends tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, but were captured before they could do so. James’s reign saw the publication of the Authorised Version of the Bible, though this caused problems with the Puritans and their attitude towards the established church. In 1620 the Pilgrim Fathers sailed for America in their ship The Mayflower.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Charles I (reigned 1625 – 1649) (S108)

Charles I (reigned 1625 – 1649) (S108)
Artist: after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
Dated: 1635-1637
Period: Stuart

Ref: S108

 

The son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Charles believed that he ruled by Divine Right. He encountered difficulties with Parliament from the beginning, and this led to the outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642. The war lasted four years and following the defeat of Charles’s Royalist forces by the New Model Army, led by Oliver Cromwell, Charles was captured and imprisoned. The House of Commons tried Charles for treason against England and when found guilty he was condemned to death. His death warrant states that he was beheaded on Tuesday 30 January 1649. Following this the British monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Richard Cromwell (Lord Protector 1658 – 1659) (S109)

Richard Cromwell (Lord Protector 1658 – 1659) (S109)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: Unknown
Period: Stuart

Ref: S109

 

Richard was the third son of Oliver Cromwell, he was appointed the second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, serving for just nine months. Unlike his father, Richard lacked military experience and as such failed to gain respect or support from his New Model Army. Richard was eventually ‘persuaded’ to resign from his position as Lord Protector and exiled himself to France until 1680, when he returned to England.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Charles II (reigned 1660 – 1685) (S110)

Charles II (reigned 1660 – 1685) (S110)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: c1665
Period: Stuart

Ref: S110

 

Son of Charles I, also known as the Merry Monarch. After the collapse of the Protectorate following the death of Oliver Cromwell and the flight of Richard Cromwell to France, the Army and Parliament asked Charles to take the throne. Although very popular he was a weak king and his foreign policy was inept. He had 13 known mistresses, one of whom was Nell Gwyn. He fathered numerous illegitimate children but no heir to the throne. The Great Plague in 1665 and the Great Fire of London in 1666 took place during his reign. Many new buildings were built at this time. St. Paul’s Cathedral was built by Sir Christopher Wren and also many churches still to be seen today.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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James II and VII of Scotland (reigned 1685 – 1688) (S111)

James II and VII of Scotland (reigned 1685 – 1688) (S111)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: c1690
Period: Stuart

Ref: S111

 

The second surviving son of Charles I and younger brother of Charles II. James had been exiled following the Civil War and served in both the French and Spanish Army. Although James converted to Catholicism in 1670, his two daughters were raised as Protestants. James became very unpopular because of his persecution of the Protestant clergy and was generally hated by the people. Following the Monmouth uprising (Monmouth was an illegitimate son of Charles II and a Protestant) and the Bloody Assizes of Judge Jeffries, Parliament asked the Dutch prince, William of Orange to take the throne.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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William III (reigned 1689 – 1702) (S112)

William III (reigned 1689 – 1702) (S112)
Artist: Jan Henrik Brandon
Dated: 1697
Period: Stuart

Ref: S112

 

On the 5 November 1688, William of Orange sailed his fleet of over 450 ships, unopposed by the Royal Navy, into Torbay harbour and landed his troops in Devon. Gathering local support, he marched his army, now 20,000 strong, on to London in The Glorious Revolution. Many of James II’s army had defected to support William, as well as James’s other daughter Anne. William and Mary were to reign jointly, and William was to have the Crown for life after Mary died in 1694. James plotted to regain the throne and in 1689 landed in Ireland. William defeated James at the Battle of the Boyne and James fled again to France, as guest of Louis XIV.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Mary II (reigned 1689 – 1694) (S113)

Mary II (reigned 1689 – 1694) (S113)
Artist: Jan van der Vaart
Dated: 1692-1694
Period: Stuart

Ref: S113

 

On the 5 November 1688, William of Orange sailed his fleet of over 450 ships, unopposed by the Royal Navy, into Torbay harbour and landed his troops in Devon. Gathering local support, he marched his army, now 20,000 strong, on to London in The Glorious Revolution. Many of James II’s army had defected to support William, as well as James’s other daughter Anne. William and Mary were to reign jointly, and William was to have the Crown for life after Mary died in 1694. James plotted to regain the throne and in 1689 landed in Ireland. William defeated James at the Battle of the Boyne and James fled again to France, as guest of Louis XIV.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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George I (reigned 1714 -1727) (G126)

George I (reigned 1714 -1727) (G126)
Artist: by studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller Bt
Dated: 1714
Period: Georgian

Ref: G126

 

Son of Sophia and the Elector of Hanover, great-grandson of James I. The 54 year old George arrived in England able to speak only a few words of English with his 18 cooks and 2 mistresses in tow. George never learned English, so the conduct of national policy was left to the government of the time with Sir Robert Walpole becoming Britain’s first Prime Minister. In 1715 the Jacobites (followers of James Stuart, son of James II) attempted to supplant George, but the attempt failed. George spent little time in England – he preferred his beloved Hanover, although he was implicated in the South Sea Bubble financial scandal of 1720.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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George II (reigned 1727 – 1760) (G125)

George II (reigned 1727 – 1760) (G125)
Artist: Thomas Hudson
Dated: 1744
Period: Georgian

Ref: G125

 

Only son of George I. He was more English than his father, but still relied on Sir Robert Walpole to run the country. George was the last English king to lead his army into battle at Dettingen in 1743. In 1745 the Jacobites tried once again to restore a Stuart to the throne. Prince Charles Edward Stuart, ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’. landed in Scotland. He was routed at Culloden Moor by the army under the Duke of Cumberland, known as ‘Butcher’ Cumberland. Bonnie Prince Charlie escaped to France with the help of Flora MacDonald, and finally died a drunkard’s death in Rome.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Victoria (reigned 1837 – 1901) (V111)

Victoria (reigned 1837 – 1901) (V111)
Artist: Aaron Edwin Penley
Dated: c1840
Period: Victorian

Ref: V111

 

Victoria was the only child of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Edward Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. The throne Victoria inherited was weak and unpopular. Her Hanovarian uncles had been treated with irreverence. In 1840 she married her cousin Albert of Saxe-Coburg. Albert exerted tremendous influence over the Queen and until his death was virtual ruler of the country. He was a pillar of respectability and left two legacies to the UK, the Christmas Tree and the Great Exhibition of 1851. With the money from the Exhibition several institutions were developed, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Science Museum, Imperial College and the Royal Albert Hall. The Queen withdrew from public life after the death of Albert in 1861 until her Golden Jubilee in 1887. Her reign saw the British Empire double in size and in 1876 the Queen became Empress of India, the ‘Jewel in the Crown’. When Victoria died in 1901, the British Empire and British world power had reached their highest point. She had nine children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Edward VII (reigned 1901 – 1910) (ED115)

Edward VII (reigned 1901 – 1910) (ED115)
Artist: Unknown artist
Dated: Unknown
Period: Edwardian

Ref: ED115

 

A much loved king, the opposite of his dour father. He loved horse-racing, gambling and women! This Edwardian Age was one of elegance. Edward had all the social graces and many sporting interests, yachting and horse-racing – his horse Minoru won the Derby in 1909. Edward married the beautiful Alexandra of Denmark in 1863 and they had six children. The eldest, Edward Duke of Clarence, died in 1892 just before he was to marry Princess Mary of Teck. When Edward died in 1910 it is said that Queen Alexandra brought his current mistress Mrs. Keppel to his bedside to take her farewell. His best known mistress was Lillie Langtry, the ‘Jersey Lily’

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) (EL112)

Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) (EL112)
Artist: Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
Dated: c1592
Period: Elizabethan

Ref: EL112

 

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth was a remarkable woman, noted for her learning and wisdom. From first to last she was popular with the people and had a genius for the selection of capable advisors. Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins, the Cecils, Essex and many many more made England respected and feared. The Spanish Armada was decisively defeated in 1588 and Raleigh’s first Virginian colony was founded. The execution of Mary Queen of Scots marred what was a glorious time in English history. Shakespeare was also at the height of his popularity. Elizabeth never married.

All prints come with a preservative coating to prevent fading and wear, are mounted on card, framed in a gold ornate frame and labelled on the reverse with the original painting name, the artist name and the date of the original painting (where available).

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